# Present value of annuity due Calculator

In an annuity due, the first cash flow of the annuity occurs at the beginning of the period whereas in case of an ordinary annuity, the first cash flow of annuity occurs at the end of the period.

The present value of annuity due is calculated using the following formula :

PV = A + [  A* [ ( 1 – ( 1 / ( 1 + r ) ( n – 1 ) )) / r ] ]

where

PV = Present value of annuity due   ;   A = Amount of annuity   ;  r = Discount rate / rate of interest  ; n = Number of years ;

In the calculator below insert the values of Amount of annuity, Discount rate and Number of years to arrive at the Present value of Annuity due.

### Future value of annuity CalculatorFuture value of annuity Calculator

Future value of an annuity is the sum total of a series of cash flows and the interest earned on these cash flows at a predetermined rate, over a certain

### After tax cost of debt – CalculatorAfter tax cost of debt – Calculator

The formula for calculating the After tax cost of debt is After tax cost of debt = Cost of debt * ( 1 – Tax rate ) In the calculator

### Current yield – CalculatorCurrent yield – Calculator

The Current yield of a bond is calculated as follows : Current Yield = Annual Interest / Current market price In the calculator below insert the values of Face value,